Delayed ignition in direct vent fireplace causes front glass to shatter

Persona

Technologies

Technologies
Reference number
II-727632-2018 (#8165)

Incident overview

Fireplace
Fireplace with damaged glass

Delayed ignition occurred in a direct vent fireplace, causing the front glass to shatter and send glass fragments into the residential living space.

Regulated industry sector

Gas - Natural gas system

Location

White Rock, BC

Investigation conclusions

Site, system and components

Natural Gas is supplied to the residence by a gas utility which is then sent through a series of piping or tubing to the fireplace intended to be used as a source of heat.

A call for heat is made via a switch installed in close proximity to the direct vent fireplace.

When there is a call for heat the gas valve opens and the spark ignitor is energized in attempt to ignite the gas as it exits the burner.

Once the burner has been ignited it sends a signal back to the fireplace to confirm it senses a flame and to de-energize the ignitor. The flue products produced from the combustion then exit the fireplace to the outdoors through the installed vent while fresh air for the proper combustion of the appliance is supplied through the installed air intake.

Failure scenario(s)

Inside the fireplace
Inside the damaged fireplace

This model of fireplace that had a failure is specifically designed for use with glass pebbles as the internal decorative media.

Glass pebbles were removed from the fireplace by a licensed gas contractor and replaced with a log set, small stones, copper glass and lava rock. These items were not only installed inside the fireplace, but directly on top of the gas burner and ignitor.

A call for heat was made which opened the gas valve and energized the ignitor. With unapproved items installed directly on top of the burner and ignitor, the gas being released from the burner was unable to immediately ignite.

Natural gas built up inside the sealed fireplace unit until it found a source of ignition, most likely the ignitor, and the pressure from the explosion shattered the glass into the living area.

Facts and evidence

Homeowner

  • Homeowner states he hired a gas contractor to service the fireplace and replace glass pebbles with an alternate material.
  • Homeowner states that since alterations were made, minor delayed ignitions started occurring.
  • On the day of the glass failure, the homeowner noticed that the fireplace was taking longer than usual to ignite.
  • Homeowner states he then heard a large bang with the sound of glass breaking

Observations

  • Fireplace contained items such as a log set, lava rocks, copper glass, and river rocks.
  • Fireplace burner and ignitor were completely covered over and not visible
  • The manufactures certified installation instructions supplied by the homeowner state “Do not change or substitute glass pebbles with this fireplace, use only replacement pebbles”.
  • The manufactures certified installation instructions also state “Make sure not to place any glass pebbles on the burner in the center of the pebble pan or on the pilot”.

Invoice supplied by the homeowner states that a local gas contractor was responsible for installing such items in the fireplace

Causes and contributing factors

It is highly probable that the placement and use of the unapproved materials inside the fireplace is what led to the delayed ignition, causing damage to the appliance.

Impact

  • Injury
    • Qty injuries: 0
    • Injury description: None
    • Injury rating: None

Damage

  • Damage description: Front glass of fireplace shattered into living area.
  • Damage rating: Minor
  • Incident rating: Minor
Attachment Size
I 8165-727632.pdf 1.19 MB