Directive: Mandatory maintenance
This Directive is being issued by a provincial safety manager pursuant to section 30 of the Safety Standards Act.
This Directive is issued to all elevating contractors and owners/property managers to clarify mandatory maintenance requirements and intervals for elevators, material lifts, dumbwaiters, LULAs, escalators and moving walks. This mandatory maintenance requirement has been a regulatory requirement since 1995. All maintenance contracts between an owner and licensed elevator contractor required under section 21(2) of the Elevating Devices Safety Regulation (“EDSR”) must comply with this directive.
Part 1: Maintenance requirements:
Pursuant to the EDSR, Mandatory maintenance at a minimum must include:
- all maintenance, repairs and replacements specified by ASME 17.1 2007/CSA B44-07 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators Part 8 Section 8.6.12.
- all examination and tests specified by CSA B44.2-07 Maintenance Requirements and Intervals for Elevators, Dumbwaiters, Escalators and Moving Walks (formerly CSA B44- 04 Appendix J)
(for reference see attached code documents) Part 2: Maintenance Intervals:
- Maintenance Intervals
Maintenance intervals are determined by age, quality, usage, and the original manufacturer’s recommendations or a professional engineer’s recommendation. If the original manufacturer’s recommendations or professional engineer’s recommendations are not available (i.e. you are not the original manufacturer or you do not have legal access to the recommendations) then the maintenance intervals specified by CSA B44.2-07 must be followed.
Maintenance intervals for all mandatory examinations and tests required under Part 1(b) are specified in CSA B44.2-07. For elevators, material lifts, dumbwaiters, LULAs, escalators, and moving walks the minimum interval is once per month.
- Changing of Maintenance Intervals
Maintenance intervals are established from the original manufacturer’s recommendations at the time the unit was originally released into service and cannot be arbitrarily reduced on existing units except in compliance with this Directive and ASME A17.1 2007/CSA B44-07 18.104.22.168.2.
If the maintenance interval of an existing elevator was established from the original time of installation as a monthly frequency, the interval frequency cannot be reduced unless the level of safety has significantly improved through an alteration or an upgrade. In this case the reduction in maintenance frequency would be limited to the component(s) that were altered or upgraded and determined by the manufacturer’s or professional engineer’s recommendation for the new components.
A variance must be submitted to change the maintenance interval. The application for a variance must be per unit and agreed to by the Owner, Contractor, and the BCSA. Please see attachment for variance requirements.
Part 3: Maintenance logbooks
A log pertaining to all maintenance activities specified in 8.6.12 and B44.2 must be maintained on site at all times by the maintenance contractor and it must be easily accessible, legible and signed by person(s) completing the task. The log must contain, as a minimum, but not be limited to, detailed records of all tests, inspections, and other maintenance duties referred to in this Section that have been performed in the previous five years (see 22.214.171.124.1.1). The maintenance frequency of each component must also be clearly indicated. For records kept in an electronic format, a hard copy must be placed in the job site log within a maximum of three months of the initial recording and the electronic format will be kept up to date and made available to the Owner and the BCSA immediately upon request.
Part 4: Wiring diagrams
Each elevating device must have an up to date legible electrical wiring diagram, detailing electrical protective circuits and primary directional circuits. The diagrams must be available in the machine or control room at all times.
"mandatory maintenance" means the maintenance of an elevating device that is provided by a licensed contractor under contract to an owner and includes periodic examination and maintenance services such as cleaning and lubrication, all safety-related tests required by the ministry, and immediate treatment of any safety-related deficiency including the adjustment, repair or replacement of any defective equipment or components as required by the adopted codes or manufacturer's specifications, but does not include an alteration as specified by a provincial safety manager or an alteration as defined by the adopted code;
Owner's operational and maintenance duties
21 (1) An owner must ensure that all new and existing elevating devices are operated in accordance with this regulation and the manufacturer's specifications.
- An owner must engage a licensed elevating device contractor to maintain a program of mandatory maintenance for the elevating device to ensure its safe working condition.
- Subsection (2) does not apply if the owner is also a licensed elevating device contractor and performs its own mandatory maintenance.
- The frequency of mandatory maintenance for an elevating device is at least quarterly, unless otherwise provided under an applicable code.
- When any unsafe or potentially unsafe condition exists, an owner must close an elevating device from the carriage of passengers until a provincial safety officer permits the elevating device to operate.
Provincial Safety Manager, Elevating Technology
Bill 19 – 2003 Safety Standards Act
B.C. Reg. 101/2004 Elevating Devices Safety Regulation