Railway Safety Appliance Guidelines for British Columbia Provincial Heritage Railways

Persona

Technologies

Technologies

1. These Guidelines may be cited as the Railway Safety Appliance Standards Guidelines.

DEFINITIONS

1.1 In these guidelines:

“BCSA” means British Columbia Safety Authority, an “MOTI” means the provincial Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure.

APPLICATION

2. These Guidelines apply to all rolling stock constructed or reconstructed and used on railways owned and operated by railway companies subject to the jurisdiction of the MOTI.

3. Notwithstanding section 2:

(a) sections 1 to 112 of Schedule I apply in respect of box and other house cars built or rebuilt prior to October 1, 1966; and

(b) sections 112.1 to 112.44 of Schedule I shall apply in respect of box and other house cars built or rebuilt on and after October 1, 1966, or under construction prior thereto.

4. Sections 112.1 to 112.44 of Schedule I apply to all box and other house cars in service after December 31, 1982.

5. Notwithstanding section 1 and sections 316 to 349 of Schedule I, sections 349.1 to 349.20 of

Schedule I apply to:

(a) all caboose cars with platforms built new or rebuilt after January 1, 1967; and

(b) all caboose cars with platforms in service after December 31, 1982.

SCHEDULE I

BOX AND OTHER HOUSE CARS

Hand Brakes

Number

1. (1) Each box or other house car shall be equipped with an efficient hand brake which shall operate in harmony with the power brake thereon.

(2) The hand brake may be of any efficient design, but shall provide the same degree of safety as the design shown on Plate A of Schedule II.

Dimensions

2. (1) The brake shaft shall be not less than 1 1/4 inches in diameter, of wrought iron or steel

without weld.

(2) The brake wheel may be flat or dished, not less than 15, preferably 16, inches in diameter, of malleable iron, wrought iron or steel.

Location

3. (1) The hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while the car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on the end of the car to the left of and not less than 17 nor more than 22 inches from the centre.

Manner of Application

4. (1) There shall be not less than four inches clearance around rim of brake wheel.

(2) Outside edge of brake wheel shall be not less than four inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill.

(3) Top brake shaft support shall be fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(4) A brake shaft step

(a) shall support the lower end of the brake shaft;

(b) which will permit the brake chain to drop under the brake shaft shall not be used;

and

(c) in a u-shaped form is preferred (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(5) Brake shaft shall be arranged with a square fit at its upper end to secure the hand brake wheel; said square fit shall be not less than 7/8 inch square. Square-fit taper; nominally 2 in 12 inches (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(6) Brake chain shall be of not less than 3/8, preferably 7/16 inch wrought iron or steel, with a link on the brake rod end of not less than 7/16, preferably 1/2 inch wrought iron or steel, and shall be secured to brake shaft drum by not less than 1/2 inch hexagon or squareheaded bolt. Nut on said bolt shall be secured by riveting end of bolt over nut (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(7) Lower end of brake shaft shall be provided with a trunnion of not less than 3/4, preferably one inch in diameter extending through brake shaft step and held in operating position by a suitable cotter or ring (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(8) Brake shaft drum shall be not less than 1 1/2 inches in diameter (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(9) Brake ratchet wheel shall be secured to brake shaft by a key or square fit; said square fit shall be of not less than 1 5/16 inches square.

(10) When ratchet wheel with square fit is used provision shall be made to prevent ratchet wheel from rising on shaft to disengage brake pawl (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(11) Brake ratchet wheel shall be not less than 5 1/4, preferably 5 1/2 inches in diameter and shall have not less than 14, preferably 16 teeth (See Plate A of Schedule II).

(12) If brake ratchet wheel is more than 36 inches from brake wheel, a brake shaft support shall be provided to support this extended upper portion of brake shaft; said brake shaft support shall be fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets.

(13) The brake pawl shall be pivoted

(a) upon a bolt or rivet not less than 5/8 inch in diameter; or

(b) upon a trunnion secured by not less than 1/2-inch bolt or rivet.

(14) Where the brake pawl is pivoted as provided under paragraph (a) or (b), there shall be a rigid metal connection between brake shaft and pivot of pawl.

(15) Brake wheel shall be held in position on brake shaft by a nut on a threaded extended end of brake-shaft; said threaded portion shall be not less than 3/4 inch in diameter; said nut shall be secured by riveting over or by the use of a lock nut or suitable cotter.

(16) Brake wheel shall be arranged with a square fit for brake shaft in hub of said wheel; taper of said fit, nominally 2 in 12 inches (See Plate A of Schedule II).

Brake Step

5. (1) If brake step is used, it shall be not less than 28 inches in length. (2) Outside edge shall be not less than eight inches from face of car and not less than four inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the bufferblock or end sill.

Manner of Application

6. Brake step shall be supported by not less than two metal braces having a minimum crosssectional area 3/8 by 1 1/2 inches or equivalent, which shall be securely fastened to body of car with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets.

Running Boards

Number

7. (1) One longitudinal running board.

(2) On outside-metal roof cars, two latitudinal extensions.

Dimensions

8. (1) Longitudinal running board shall be not less than 18, preferably 20, inches in width. (2) Latitudinal extensions shall be not less than 24 inches in width.

Location

9. (1) Full length of car, centre of roof. (2) On outside-metal roof cars there shall be two latitudinal extensions from longitudinal running board to ladder locations, except on refrigerator cars where such latitudinal extensions cannot be applied on account of ice hatches.

Manner of Application

10.

(1) Running boards shall be continuous from end to end and not cut or hinged at any point; the length and width of runningboards may, however, be made up of a number of pieces securely fastened to saddle blocks with screws or bolts.

(2) The ends of longitudinal running boards shall be not less than six nor more than 10 inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill; and if more than four inches from edge of roof of car, shall be securely supported their full width by substantial metal braces.

(3) Running boards shall be made of wood and securely fastened to car.

(4) Notwithstanding subsection (3) but subject to the following conditions, running boards may be of a material other than wood if

(a) the material and design is of a type accepted by the A.A.R. and approved by the MOTI ; and

(b) the construction and installation is in accordance with A.A.R. requirements are acceptable to the MOTI.

Sill Steps

Number

11. Six.

Dimensions

12. (1) Minimum cross-sectional area 1/2 inch by 1 1/2 inches, or equivalent, of wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum length of tread, 10, preferably 12, inches.

(3) Minimum clear depth, eight inches.

Location

13. (1) One near each end on each side of car, so that there shall be not more than 18 inches from end of car to centre of tread of sill step.

(2) One at each end of car, centre of sill step to be as nearly central with the ladder as possible.

(3) Outside edge of tread of step shall be not more than four inches inside of face of side of car, preferably flush with side of car.

(4) Tread shall be not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of rail.

Manner of Application

14. (1) Sill steps exceeding 21 inches in depth shall have an additional tread.

(2) Sill steps shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Ladders

Number

15. Four.

Dimensions

16. (1) Minimum clear length of tread:

(a) side ladders, 16 inches; and

(b) end ladders, 14 inches.

(2) Maximum spacing between ladder treads, 19 inches.

(3) Top ladder tread shall be located not less than 12 nor more than 18 inches from roof at eaves.

(4) Spacing of side ladder treads shall be uniform within a limit of two inches from top ladder tread to bottom tread of ladder.

(5) Maximum distance from bottom tread of side ladder to top tread of sill step, 21 inches.

(6) End ladder treads

(a) shall, where construction of car permits, be spaced to coincide with treads of side ladders, a variation of two inches being allowed; and

(b) where construction of car will not permit the application of a tread of end ladder to coincide with bottom tread of side ladder, the bottom tread of end ladder shall coincide with second tread from bottom of side ladder.

(7) Hard wood treads, minimum dimensions 1 1/2 by two inches.

(8) Iron or steel treads, minimum diameter 5/8 inch.

(9) Minimum clearance of treads, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

17. Ladders shall be located

(a) one on each side, not more than eight inches from right end of car, and

(b) one on each end, not more than eight inches from left side of car, measured from inside edge of ladder-stile or clearance of ladder treads to corner of car.

Manner of Application

18. (1) Metal ladders without stiles near corners of cars shall have foot guards or upward projections not less than two inches in height near inside end of bottom treads.

(2) Stiles of ladders, projecting two or more inches from face of car, will serve as foot guards.

(3) Ladders shall be securely fastened with not less 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets; 3/8-inch bolts may be used for wooden treads that are gained into stiles.

End Ladder Clearance

19. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake wheel, brake step, running board or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block, or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

Roof Handholds

Number

20. (1) One over each ladder.

(2) One right-angle handhold may take the place of two adjacent specified roof handholds, if the dimensions and locations coincide, and an extra leg is securely fastened to car at point of angle.

Dimensions

21. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

22. On roof of car: one parallel to treads of each ladder, not less than eight nor more than 15 inches from edge of roof, except that on refrigerator cars, where ice hatches prevent, the location may be nearer edge of roof.

Manner of Application

23. Roof handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Side Handholds

Number

24. Four. (Tread of side ladder is a side handhold)

Dimensions

25. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches, preferably 24 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

26. (1) Horizontal: one near each end on each side of car.

(2) Side handholds shall be not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler, except as provided above, where tread of ladder is a handhold.

(3) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

27. Side handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Horizontal End Handholds

Number

28. Eight or more. (Four on each end of car.) (Tread of end ladder is an end handhold.)

Dimensions

29. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches, preferably 24 inches.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), a handhold 14 inches in length may be used where it is impossible to use one 16 inches in length.

(4) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

30. (1) One near each side on each end of car, not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler, except as provided above, when tread of end ladder is an end handhold.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from side of car.

(3) One near each side of each end of car on face of end sill or sheathing over end sill, projecting outward or downward.

(4) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

(5) On each end of cars with platform end sills six or more inches in width, measured from end post or siding, and extending entirely across end of car, there shall be one additional end handhold not less than 24 inches in length, located near centre of car, not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above platform end sill.

Manner of Application

31. Horizontal end handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Vertical End Handholds

Number

32. Two on full-width platform end sill cars, as heretofore described.

Dimensions

33. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 18, preferably 24, inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

34. (1) One on each end of car opposite ladder, not more than eight inches from side of car.

(2) Clearance of bottom end of handhold shall be not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler.

Manner of Application

35. Vertical end handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

36. (1) Two.

(2) Uncoupling levers may be either single or double, and of any efficient design.

Dimensions

37. (1) Handles of uncoupling levers, except those shown on Plate B of Schedule II, or of similar designs, shall be not more than six inches from sides of car.

(2) Uncoupling levers of design shown on Plate B of Schedule II and of similar designs, shall conform to the following prescribed limits:

(a) handles shall be not more than 12, preferably nine, inches from sides of cars;

(b) centre lift-arms shall be not less than seven inches long;

(c) centre of eye at end of centre lift-arm shall be not more than 3 1/2 inches beyond centre of eye of uncoupling pin of coupler when horn of coupler is against the buffer block or end sill (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(d) ends of handles shall extend not less than four inches below bottom of end sill or shall be so constructed as to give a minimum clearance of two inches around handle (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(e) minimum drop of handles shall be 12 inches; maximum, 15 inches over all (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(f) handles of uncoupling levers of the rocking or push-down type shall be not less than 18 inches from top of rail when lock block has released knuckle, and a suitable stop shall be provided to prevent inside arm from flying up in case of breakage.

Location

38. (1) One on each end of car; when single lever is used it shall be placed on left side of end of car.

(2) Cars built after June 1, 1919 must be equipped with coupler operating lever connected directly with coupler lock of lock lift without the use of links, clevises or chains.

BOX OR OTHER HOUSE CARS HAVING CENTRE SILL OR UNDERFRAME CUSHIONING DEVICES WITH MORE THAN TWELVE INCHES LONGITUDINAL IMPACT ABSORBING TRAVEL

Hand Brakes

Number

39. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

40. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

41. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

42. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Brake Step

43. If brake step is used, it shall not be less than 28 inches in length and the outside edge shall not be less than eight inches from face of car and not less than four inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against buffer block or end sill and the cushioning device at full buff.

Manner of Application

44. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Running Boards

Number

45. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

46. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

47. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

48. Running boards shall be continuous from end to end and not cut or hinged at any point; the length and width of running boards may, however, be made up of a number of pieces securely fastened to saddle blocks with screws, bolts, or rivets. The ends of longitudinal running boards shall not be less than six nor more than 10 inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against buffer block or end sill, and the cushioning device at full buff; and if more than four inches from edge of roof of car, shall be securely supported their full width by substantial metal braces. Running boards shall be securely fastened to car and be made of a material which provides the same as or a greater degree of safety than wood of 1 1/8 inch thickness. When made of material other than wood, the tread surface shall be of anti-skid design and constructed with sufficient open space to prevent the accumulation of snow and ice on the tread surface.

Sill Steps

Number

49. Four.

Dimension

50. (1) Minimum cross-sectional area 1/2 inch by 1 1/2 inches, or equivalent, of wrought iron or

steel.

(2) Minimum length of tread, 10, preferably 12, inches.

(3) Minimum clear depth, eight inches.

Location

51. One near each end on each side of car, so that there shall not be more than 18 inches from end of car to centre of tread of sill step. Outside edge of tread of step shall be not more than four inches inside of face of side of car, preferably flush with side of car. Tread shall be not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of rail.

Manner of Application

52. Sill steps exceeding 21 inches in depth shall have an additional tread. Sill steps shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Ladders

Number

53. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

54. (1) Minimum clear length of tread

(a) side ladders 16 inches;

(b) end ladders 14 inches.
 

(2) Maximum spacing between ladder treads, 19 inches.

(3) Top ladder tread shall be located not less than 12 nor more than 18 inches from roof at eaves.

(4) Spacing of side ladder treads shall be uniform within a limit of two inches from top ladder tread to bottom tread of ladder.

(5) Maximum distance from bottom tread of side ladder to top tread of sill step, 21 inches.

(6) End ladder treads shall, where construction of car permits, be spaced to coincide with treads of side ladders, a variation of two inches being allowed; where construction of car will not permit the application of a tread of end ladder to coincide with bottom tread of side ladder, the bottom tread of end ladder shall coincide with second tread from bottom of side ladder.

(7) One tread of end ladders shall be located below the bottom of the end sill.

(8) Iron or steel treads, minimum diameter 5/8 inch.

(9) Minimum clearance of treads, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

55. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

56. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

End Ladder Clearance

57. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake wheel, brake step, running board, end platform, or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle, when closed with the coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and the cushioning device at full buff, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sill, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

Roof Handholds

Number

58. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

59. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

60. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

61. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Side Handholds

Number

62. Sixteen. (Treads of side ladders are side handholds.)

Dimensions

63. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

64. Horizontal

(1) Four near right end on each side of car.

(2) Four near left end on each side of car, all side handholds shall be spaced not more than 19 inches apart and with the bottom handhold located not more than 21 inches from top tread of sill step. Such handholds shall meet ladder specifications and clearance of outer ends of handholds shall be not more than eight inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

65. Bottom side handholds shall have footguards or upward projections not less than two inches in height near inside ends. Side handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Horizontal End Handholds

Number

66. Eighteen or more (Nine on each end of car.)

(Treads of end ladders are end handholds.)

Dimensions

67. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

68. (1) One near each side of each end of car on face of end sill or sheathing over end sill, projecting outward or downward.

(2) Three near each side of each end of car directly over the end sill handhold spaced not more than 19 inches apart to coincide with side handholds, with a variation of not more than two inches being allowed; except as provided above when tread of end ladder is an end handhold. Clearance of outer end of handholds shall be not more than eight inches from side of car.

(3) One not less than 36 inches in length located on each end near centre of car not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above end platform.

Manner of Application

69. The end sill handholds near the right side of car shall have footguards or upward projections not less than two inches in height near inside end. End handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside and riveted over or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

End Platforms

Number

70. Two.

Dimensions

71. Not less than eight inches wide and of such length as to substantially fill the space between the end ladders and the end handholds, but not less than 60 inches.

Location

72. One near the centre on each end of car not more than eight inches above centre sill.

Manner of Application

73. End platforms shall be supported by not less than three metal braces having a minimum crosssectional area 3/8 inch by 1 1/2 inches or equivalent which shall be securely fastened to body of car with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets. The outer edges of end platforms shall not extend to a point less than six inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill and the cushioning device at full buff. End platforms shall be made of suitable running board material.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

74. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

75. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

76. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Uncoupling Device and Brake Pipe Appurtenances

77. When a part of the uncoupling device and/or brake pipe is located parallel to the exposed ends of the centre sill, such part shall be installed in a manner providing at least two inches of clearance near the coupler of sufficient length to permit use as a handhold.

Exposed Top Sections of Centre Sills

78. The top of the exposed end of centre sill shall be coated with anti-skid paint.

BOX OR OTHER HOUSE CARS HAVING CENTRE SILL OR UNDERFRAME CUSHIONING DEVICES WITH TWELVE INCHES OR LESS LONGITUDINAL IMPACT ABSORBING TRAVEL

Hand Brakes

Number

79. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

80. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

81. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

82. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Brake Step

83. If brake step is used, it shall not be less than 28 inches in length. Outside edge shall be not less than eight inches from face of car and not less four inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against buffer block or end sill and the cushioning device at full buff.

Manner of Application

84. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Running Boards

Number

85. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

86. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

87. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

88. Running boards shall be continuous from end to end and not cut or hinged at any point; the length and width of running boards may, however, be made up of a number of pieces securely fastened to saddle blocks with screws, bolts, or rivets. The ends of longitudinal running board shall not be less than six nor more than 10 inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against buffer block or end sill, and the cushioning device at full buff; and if more than four inches from edge of roof of car, shall be securely supported their full width by substantial metal braces. Running board shall be securely fastened to car and be made of a material which provides the same as or a greater degree of safety than wood of 1 1/8-inch thickness. When made of material other than wood, the tread surface shall be of anti-skid design and constructed with sufficient open space to prevent the accumulation of snow and ice on the tread surface.

Sill Steps

Number

89. Four.

Dimensions

90. (1) Minimum cross-sectional area 1/2 inch by 1 1/2 inches, or equivalent, of wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum length of tread, 10, preferably 12, inches.

(3) Minimum clear depth, eight inches.

Location

91. One near each end each side of car, so that there shall be not more than 18 inches from end of car to centre of tread of sill step. Outside edge of tread of step shall be not more than four inches inside of face of side of car, preferably flush with side of car. Tread shall be not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of rail.

Manner of Application

92. Sill steps exceeding 21 inches in depth shall have an additional tread. Sill steps shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Ladders

Number

93. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

94. (1) Minimum clear length of tread

(a) side ladders, 16 inches;

(b) end ladders, 14 inches.

(2) Maximum spacing between ladder treads, 19 inches.

(3) Top ladder tread shall be located not less than 12 nor more than 18 inches from roof at eaves.

(4) Spacing of side ladder treads shall be uniform within a limit of two inches from top ladder tread to bottom tread of ladder.

(5) Maximum distance from bottom tread of side ladder to top tread of sill step, 21 inches.

(6) End ladder treads shall, where construction of car permits, be spaced to coincide with treads of side ladders, a variation of two inches being allowed; where construction of car will not permit the application of a tread of end ladder to coincide with bottom tread of side ladder, the bottom tread of end ladder shall coincide with second tread from bottom of side ladder.

(7) One tread of end ladders shall be located below the bottom of the end sill.

(8) Iron or steel treads, minimum diameter 5/8 inch.

(9) Minimum clearance of treads, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

95. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

96. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

End Ladder Clearance

97. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake wheel, brake step, running board, or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle, when closed with the coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and the cushioning device at full buff, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sill, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

Roof Handholds

Number

98. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

99. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

100. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

101. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Side Handholds

Number

102. Same as specified for box and other house cars. (Tread of side ladder is a side handhold.)

Dimensions

103. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

104. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

105. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Horizontal End Handholds

Number

106. Same as specified for box and other house cars. (Tread of end ladder is an end handhold.)

Dimensions

107. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

108. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Manner of Application

109. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

110. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

111. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

112. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

BOX AND OTHER HOUSE CARS BUILT NEW OR REBUILT AFTER OCTOBER 1, 1966, OR UNDER CONSTRUCTION PRIOR THERETO, EXCEPT CARS EQUIPPED WITH ROOF HATCHES

Hand Brakes

Number

112.1 (1) Each car shall be equipped with an efficient vertical wheel hand brake which shall operate in harmony with the power brake thereon.

(2) The hand brake may be of any efficient design, but must provide a total braking force applied to brake shoes not less than the total force applied to the brake shoes by the brake cylinders at 50 pounds per square inch.

Dimensions

112.2 (1) The brake wheel may be deep or shallow, of malleable iron, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Overall diameter of brake wheel nominally 22 inches.

(3) Depth of brake wheel hub shall be 2 5/8 inches with square taper shaft fit, taper two inches in 12 inches with small end of taper fit 7/8 inch.

(4) Brake wheel and drum shall be arranged so that both will revolve when applying and gradually releasing the hand brake. Hand brake shall be provided with means to prevent application of the brake by winding in a counterclockwise direction.

(5) All chains shall be not less than 9/16 inch BBB coil chain.

(6) All hand brake rods shall be not less than 3/4 inch diameter.

Location

112.3 (1) The hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated from horizontal end platform while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car, to the left of and not less than 17 nor more than 22 inches from centre and not less than 26 nor more than 40 inches above top of end platform tread.

NOTE:

Cars with roofs 16 feet 10 inches or more above top of rail, brake shaft to be located to left of centre and not more than 24 inches from left side of car.

Manner of Application

112.4 (1) There shall be not less than four inches clearance around rim of brake wheel.

(2) Brake wheel shall be held in position on brake shaft by a nut on a threaded extended end of brake shaft, said threaded portion shall be not less than 3/4 inch in diameter; said nut shall be secured by riveting over or by the use of a lock-nut or suitable cotter.

(3) Outside edge of brake wheel shall be not less than four inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill.

(4) Hand brake housing shall be securely fastened to car.

(5) Brake shaft shall be arranged with a square fit at its outer end to secure the hand brake wheel; said square fit shall be not less than 7/8 inch square. Square fit taper; nominally 2 in 12 inches (See Plate A in Schedule II).

Sill Steps

Number

112.5 Four.

Dimensions

112.6 Minimum cross-sectional area 1/2 inch by 1 1/2 inches, or equivalent, of wrought iron, steel, or

other material of equivalent strength. Minimum length of tread, 10, preferably 12, inches.

Minimum clear depth, eight inches.

Location

112.7 (1) One near each end of each side of car, so that there shall be no more than 18 inches from end of car to centre of tread of sill step.

(2) Outside edge of tread of step shall be not more than four inches inside of face of side of car, preferably flush with side of car.

(3) Tread shall be not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of rail.

Manner of Application

112.8 (1) Sill steps exceeding 21 inches in depth shall have an additional tread.

(2) Sill steps shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

End Appliances Clearance

112.9 No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake wheel, end platform, horizontal end handholds or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle, when closed with the coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill and cushioning device (if used) at full buff, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted shall extend beyond outer face of buffer block.

Side Handholds

Number

112.10 Sixteen.

Dimensions

112.11 Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength. Minimum clear length 16 inches, preferably 24 inches. Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2 inches.

Location

112.12 Horizontal:

(1) Four near each end and on each side of car spaced not more than 19 inches apart and with the bottom handhold located not more than 21 inches from top tread of sill step, and top handhold shall coincide in height with top end handhold, a variation of two inches being allowed. Spacing of side handholds shall be uniform within a limit of two inches from top handhold to bottom handhold.

(2) Clearance of outer ends of handholds shall be not more than eight inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

112.13 Side handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets. Each bottom handhold shall have foot guard or upward projection not less than two inches in height near inside end.

End Handholds

Number

112.14 Sixteen.

Dimensions

112.15 (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches, preferably 24 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two inches, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

112.16 Horizontal: Four near each side and on each end of car spaced not more than 19 inches apart and with the bottom handhold located not more than 21 inches from top tread of sill step, and top handhold shall coincide in height with end platform handholds, a variation of two inches being allowed. Clearance of outer ends of handholds shall be not more than eight inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

112.17 End handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets. Each bottom handhold shall have foot guard or upward projection not less than two inches in height near inside end.

NOTE: Not required on cars with roofs 16 feet 10 inches or more above top of rail when vertical and horizontal end handholds as specified in note following section 112.25 of this Schedule are applied.

End Platforms

Number

112.18 Two.

Dimensions

112.19 Width not less than eight inches, length not less than 60 inches.

Location

112.20 One centered on each end of car not more than eight inches above top of centre sill.

Manner of Application

112.21 (1) Each end platform shall be securely supported by not less than three metal braces having a minimum cross sectional area of 3/8 inch by 1 1/2 inches or equivalent, which shall be securely fastened to body of car with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets.

NOTE: Cars with roofs 16 feet 10 inches or more above top of rail will have end platforms not less than 10 inches in width, length, full width of car and supported by not less than four metal braces.

(2) Where conventional draft gear or cushioning device having longitudinal travel less than six inches is used the outside edge of each end platform shall be not less than 12 inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against buffer block. Where cushioning device having longitudinal travel six inches or more is used, the outside edge of each end platform shall be not less than six inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with end sill and cushioning device at full buff. End platform shall be made of wood or material that provides the same or a greater degree of safety than wood, of 1 1/8-inch thickness. When made of material other than wood, the tread surface shall be of anti-skid design and constructed with sufficient open space to permit the elimination of snow and ice from the tread surface.

Horizontal End Platform Handholds

Number

112.22 Two.

Dimensions

112.23 (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2 inches.

(3) Minimum clear length 60 inches. When security of attachment requires, an extra supporting leg may be applied near centre of clear length.

Location

112.24 One on each end of car above end platform. Outer legs shall be not more than six inches from inner legs of top end handholds. Height above tread of end platform: not less than 48 nor more than 60 inches.

Manner of Application

112.25 End platform handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

NOTE: Cars with roofs 16 feet 10 inches or more above top of rail will have horizontal end platform handholds extending across each end of car with clearance at each end of not more than four inches from side of car supported by an extra leg near centre of handholds, and withvertical and horizontal end handholds as follows:

Vertical End Handholds

Number

Four.

Dimensions

Minimum diameter 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

Minimum clearance two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

One on each side of each end of car, not more than four inches from side of car, extending downward from end of horizontal end platform handhold to within eight inches above tread of end platform. One continuous handhold with two right angle handholds, may take the place of two specified vertical end handholds and one horizontal end platform handhold, provided the dimensions and location coincide, and extra legs at points of angle and centre are provided and securely fastened to car.

Horizontal End Handholds

Number

Four.

Dimensions

(1) Minimum diameter 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches, preferably 24 inches.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection 2, a handhold 14 inches in length may be used where it is impossible to use one 16 inches in length.

(4) Minimum clearance two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

One near each side of each end of car on outer edge of end platform projecting downward with clearance of outer end not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

Horizontal end handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

112.26 Two.

Dimensions

112.27 (1) Handles of uncoupling levers except those shown on Plate B of Schedule II or of similar design, shall be not more than six inches from sides of car.

(2) Uncoupling levers of design shown on Plate B of Schedule II and of similar designs shall conform to the following prescribed limits:

(a) handles shall be not more than 12, preferably nine, inches from sides of cars;

(b) centre lift arms shall be not less than seven inches long;

(c) centre of eye at end of centre lift arm shall be not more than 3 1/2 inches beyond centre of eye of uncoupling pin of coupler when horn of coupler is against the buffer block or end sill (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(d) ends of handles shall extend not less than four inches below bottom of end sill or shall be so constructed as to give a minimum clearance of two inches around handle (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(e) minimum drop of handles shall be 12 inches, maximum, 15 inches overall (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(f) handles of uncoupling levers of the rocking or push down type shall be not less than 18 inches from top of rail when lock block has released knuckle, and a suitable stop shall be provided to prevent inside arm from flying up in case of breakage.

Location

112.28 One on each end of car. When single lever is used, it shall be placed on left side of end of car.

Painting and Stencilling

112.29 (1) This section applies to cars with roofs 16 feet 10 inches or more above top of rail only.

(2) That portion of each end of car more than 15 feet above top of rail shall be painted with contrasting reflectorized paint and shall bear the words “NO RUNNING BOARD” to the left of centre and “EXCESS HEIGHT CAR” to the right of centre. Lettering to be not less than three inches high. On each side sill near end corner there shall be painted a yellow rectangular area with a 3/4-inch black border containing the words “THIS CAR EXCESS HEIGHT — NO RUNNING BOARD”. Lettering to be not less than 1 1/2 inches high.

When a car is equipped with centre sill or underframe cushioning device having more than 12 inches longitudinal impact absorbing travel, and a part of the uncoupling device and/or brake pipe is located parallel to the exposed end of the centre sill, such part shall provide at least two inches of clearance near the coupler of sufficient length to permit use as a handhold during air hose coupling operation and the top of exposed ends of sliding centre sill shall be coated with anti-skid paint.

EXISTING BOX AND OTHER HOUSE CARS WITHOUT ROOF HATCHES

112.30 Box and other house cars built on or before October 1, 1966 or under construction prior thereto shall be deemed equipped as nearly as possible within the intent of these requirements when

(a) the running board, roof handholds over side and end ladders at “A” end of car and ladder treads above the fourth tread from bottom of side and end ladder at “A” end are removed;

and

(b) one horizontal end platform handhold is applied on each end of car as specified in this section except the right hand end shall be not more than eight inches from side of car, or where car end contour makes impractical the use of a single continuous end handhold, there is applied the equivalent consisting of two handholds, the centre handhold to be a minimum of 30 inches in clear length and the handhold to the right to be a minimum of 19 inches in clear length and to extend to within eight inches of the right side of the car, such handholds to be not more than 12 inches apart; and

(c) with hand brake operated near roof of car: a brake step shall be provided as specified in section 5 of this Schedule and lettering 1 1/2 inches high shall be painted on a yellow background on side sill near “B” end of car with a 3/4-inch black border containing thewords “KEEP OFF ROOF — NO RUNNING BOARD”, or with hand brake operated from approximate level of top of end sill: roof handholds and side and end ladder treads above the fourth tread from the bottom of ladders at “B” end of car shall be removed and a brakestep as specified by section 5 of this Schedule shall be used with top of tread surface being level with or not more than four inches below adjacent end handhold. Paragraph (b) shall not apply to cars equipped with end platforms and end platform handholds.

BOX AND OTHER HOUSE CARS WITH ROOF HATCHES 

(Same as specified for box and other house cars without roof hatches except for the provisions of sections 112.31 to 112.43 of this Schedule)

Running Boards

112.31 Same as specified in sections 7 to 10 of this Schedule except: the end of longitudinal running board shall be not less than six inches from a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against buffer block or end sill.

Ladders

Number

112.32 Two.

Dimensions

112.33 Minimum clear length of tread 16 inches; maximum spacing between treads 19 inches.

Location

112.34 One on each end of car not more than eight inches from left hand side.

Manner of Application

112.35 Same as specified in section 18 of this Schedule.

Roof Handholds

Number

112.36 Two, one over each ladder.

Dimensions

112.37 Same as specified in section 21 of this Schedule.

Location

112.38 Same as specified in section 22 of this Schedule.

Manner of Application

112.39 Same as specified in section 23 of this Schedule.

End Handholds (treads of end ladders are end handholds)

Number

112.40 Sixteen.

Dimensions

112.41 (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches, preferably, 24 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

112.42 Horizontal: Four near each side and on each end of car spaced not more than 19 inches apart and with the bottom handhold located not more than 21 inches from top tread of sill step, and top handhold shall coincide in height with end platform handholds, a variation of two inches being allowed. Clearance of outer ends of handholds shall be not more than eight inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

112.43 End handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets. Each bottom handhold shall have foot guard or upward projection not less than two inches in height near inside end.

EXISTING BOX AND OTHER HOUSE CARS WITH ROOF HATCHES

112.44 Box and other house cars with roof hatches built on or before October 1, 1966, or under construction prior thereto, shall be deemed equipped as nearly as possible within the intent of these requirements when equipped with the same complement of safety appliances, depending upon type, as is specified in sections 112.31 to 112.43, for box and other house cars with roof hatches except

(a) the side ladder treads above the fourth tread from bottom of side ladder near “A” end of car and roof handhold over the side ladder near “A” end shall be removed;

(b) one end platform handhold shall be provided on each end of car as specified in paragraph 112.30 (b) of this Schedule and when hand brake is operated near roof of car a brake step shall be provided as specified by paragraph 112.30(c) of this Schedule or when hand brake is operated from approximate level of top of end sill the roof handhold over side ladder near “B” end and treads above the fourth tread from bottom of side ladder near “B” end shall be removed and a brake step as specified in paragraph 112.30(c) of this Schedule shall be used with top of tread surface level with or not more than four inches below adjacent end handhold.

HOPPER CARS AND HIGH-SIDE GONDOLAS WITH FIXED ENDS

(Cars with sides more than 36 inches above the floor are high-side cars)

Hand Brakes

Number

113. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

114. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

115. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car to the left of, and not more than 22 inches from centre.

Manner of Application

116. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Brake Step

117. Same as specified in sections 5 and 6 of this Schedule.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

118. Same as in sections 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Schedule.

Return to footnote 1 End sill steps, as specified for box and other house cars, are required for

box and other house cars only.

Ladders

Number

119. Same as specified in section 15 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

120. Same as specified in section 16, except that top ladder tread shall be located not more than four inches from top of car.

Location

121. Same as specified in section 17 of this Schedule.

Manner of Application

122. Same as specified in section 18 of this Schedule.

Side Handholds

123. Same as specified in sections 24, 25, 26 and 27 of this Schedule.

Horizontal End Handholds

124. Same as specified in sections 28, 29, 30 and 31 of this Schedule.

Vertical End Handholds

125. Same as specified in sections 32, 33, 34 and 35 of this Schedule.

Uncoupling Levers

126. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

End Ladder Clearance

127. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car except buffer block, brake shaft, brake wheel, brake step or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

DROP-END HIGH-SIDE GONDOLA CARS

Hand Brakes

Number

128. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

129. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

130. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car to the left of centre.

Manner of Application

131. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

132. Same as specified in sections 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Schedule.

Ladders

Number

133. Two.

Dimensions

134. Same as specified in section 16 of this Schedule, except that top ladder tread shall be located not more than four inches from top of car.

Location

135. One on each side, not more than eight inches from right end of car, measured from inside edge of ladder-stile or clearance of ladder treads to corner of car.

Manner of Application

136. Same as specified in section 18 of this Schedule.

Side Handholds

137. Same as specified in sections 24, 25, 26 and 27 of this Schedule.

Horizontal End Handholds

Number

138. Four.

Dimensions

139. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

140. (1) One near each side of each end of car on face of end sill.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

141. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

Uncoupling Levers

142. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

End Ladder Clearance

143. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake wheel or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block, or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

FIXED-END, LOW-SIDE GONDOLA AND LOW-SIDE HOPPER CARS

(Cars with sides 36 inches or less above the floor are low-side cars)

Hand Brakes

Number

144. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

145. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

146. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car, to the left of and not more than 22 inches from centre.

Manner of Application

147. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Brake Step

148. Same as specified in sections 5 and 6 of this Schedule.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

149. Same as specified in sections 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Schedule.

Side Handholds

Number

150. Same as specified in section 24 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

151. Same as specified in section 25 of this Schedule.

Location

152. (1) Horizontal: one near each end on each side of car, not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler if car construction will permit but handhold shall not project above top of side.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

153. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule.

Horizontal End Handholds

Number

154. Same as specified in section 28 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

155. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

156. (1) One near each side on each end of car not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler, if car construction will permit. Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from side of car.

(2) One near each side of each end of car on face of end sill, projecting outward or downward. Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

157. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

Uncoupling Levers

158. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

End Ladder Clearance

159. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake step, brake wheel, or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

DROP-END LOW-SIDE GONDOLA CARS

Hand Brakes

Number

160. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

161. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

162. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car to the left of centre.

Manner of Application

163. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule, except that top brake shaft support may be omitted.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

164. Same as specified in sections 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Schedule.

Side Handholds

Number

165. Same as specified in section 24 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

166. Same as specified in section 25 of this Schedule.

Location

167. (1) Horizontal: one near each end on each side of car, not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler, if car construction will permit, but handhold shall not project above top of side.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

168. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule.

End Handholds

Number

169. Four.

Dimensions

170. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

171. Horizontal: one near each side of each end of car on face of end sill. Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

172. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

Uncoupling Levers

173. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

End Ladder Clearance

174. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake wheel or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

FLAT CARS

(Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be equipped the same as flat cars)

Hand Brakes

Number

175. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

176. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

177. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on the end of car to the left of centre, or on side of car not more than 36 inches from right-hand end thereof.

Manner of Application

178. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

179. Same as specified in sections 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Schedule.

Side Handholds

Number

180. Same as specified in section 24 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

181. Same as specified in section 25 of this Schedule.

Location

182. 1) Horizontal: one on face of each side sill near each end.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 12 inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

183. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule.

End Handholds

Number

184. Four.

Dimensions

185. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

186. (1) Horizontal: one near each side of each end of car on face of end sill.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

187. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

Uncoupling Levers

188. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

TANK CARS WITH SIDE PLATFORMS

Hand Brakes

Number

189. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

190. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

191. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car to the left of centre.

Manner of Application

192. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

193. Same as specified in sections 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Schedule.

Side Handholds

Number

194. Four or more.

Dimensions

195. Same as specified in section 25 of this Schedule.

Location

196. (1) Horizontal: one on face of each side sill near each end.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall not be more than 12 inches from end of car.

(3) If side safety railings are attached to tank or tank bands, four additional vertical handholds shall be applied, one as nearly as possible over each sill step and securely fastened to tank or tank band.

Manner of Application

197. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule.

End Handholds

Number

198. Four.

Dimensions

199. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

200. (1) Horizontal: one near each side of each end of car on face of end sill.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

201. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

Tank Head Handholds

Number

202. Two. (Not required if safety railing runs around ends of tank.)

Dimensions

203. (1) Minimum diameter 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

(3) Clear length of handholds shall extend to within six inches of outer diameter of tank at point of application.

Location

204. Horizontal: one across each head of tank not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above platform.

Manner of Application

205. Tank head handholds shall be securely fastened.

Safety Railings

Number

206. Safety railing shall be

(a) one continuous safety railing running around sides and ends of tank, securely fastened to tank or tank bands at ends and sides of tank; or

(b) two running full length of tank at sides of car supported by posts.

Dimensions

207. Not less than 3/4 inch, iron.

Location

208. Safety railing shall

(a) run full length of tank at either side supported by posts; or

(b) be securely fastened to tank or tank bands, not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above platform.

Manner of Application

209. Safety railings shall be securely fastened to tank body, tank bands or posts.

Uncoupling Levers

210. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

End Ladder Clearance

211. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake shaft brackets, brake wheel or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

TANK CARS WITHOUT SIDE SILLS AND TANK CARS WITH SHORT SIDE SILLS AND END PLATFORMS

Hand Brakes

Number

212. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

213. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

214. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car to the left of centre.

Manner of Application

215. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Running Boards

Number

216. There shall be

(a) one continuous running board around sides and ends; or

(b) two running boards running full length of tank, one on each side.

Dimensions

217. (1) Minimum width on sides, 10 inches.

(2) Minimum width on ends, six inches.

Location

218. (1) Continuous around sides and ends of cars.

(2) On tank cars having end platforms extending to bolsters, running boards shall extend from centre to centre of bolsters, one on each side.

Manner of Application

219. (1) If side running boards are applied below centre of tank, outside edge of running boards shall extend not less than seven inches beyond bulge of tank.

(2) The running boards at ends of car shall be not less than six inches from a point vertically

above the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block, end sill or back stop.

(3) Running boards shall be securely fastened to tank or tank bands.

(4) Running boards may be of a material other than wood if

(a) the material and design is accepted by the A.A.R. and approved by the MOTI; and

(b) the construction and installation is in accordance with A.A.R. requirements and acceptable to the MOTI.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

Number

220. Same as specified in section 11 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

221. Same as specified in section 12 of this Schedule.

Location

222. (1) One near each end on each side under side handhold.

(2) Outside edge of tread of step shall be not more than four inches inside of face of side of car, preferably flush with side of car.

(3) Tread shall be not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of rail.

Manner of Application

223. Same as specified in section 14 of this Schedule.

Ladders

(If running boards are so located as to make ladders necessary)

Number

224. (1) Two on cars with continuous running boards.

(2) Four on cars with side running boards.

Dimensions

225. (1) Minimum clear length of tread, 10 inches.

(2) Maximum spacing of treads, 19 inches.

(3) Hardwood treads, minimum dimensions, 1 1/2 by two inches.

(4) Wrought iron or steel treads, minimum diameter, 5/8 inch.

(5) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

226. (1) On cars with continuous running boards one at right end of each side.

(2) On cars with side running boards, one at each end of each running board.

Manner of Application

227. Ladders shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets.

Side Handholds

Number

228. Four or more.

Dimensions

229. Same as specified in section 25 of this Schedule.

Location

230. (1) There shall be, where the side handholds are horizontal,

(a) one on face of each side sill near each end on tank cars with short side sills; or

(b) one attached to top of running board projecting outward above sill steps or ladders on tank cars without side sills.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 12 inches from end of car.

(3) If side safety railings are attached to tank or tank bands, four additional vertical handholds shall be applied, one as nearly as possible over each sill step and securely fastened to tank or tank band.

Manner of Application

231. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule.

End Handholds

Number

232. Four.

Dimensions

233. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

234. (1) Horizontal: one near each side of each end of car on face of end sill.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

235. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

Tank Head Handholds

Number

236. Two (not required if safety railing runs around ends of tank).

Dimensions

237. (1) Minimum diameter 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

238. (1) Horizontal: one across each head of tank not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above platform or running board.

(2) Clear length of handholds shall extend to within six inches of outer diameter of tank at point of application.

Manner of Application

239. Tank head handholds shall be securely fastened.

Safety Railing

Number

240. There shall be

(a) one safety railing running around sides and ends of tank; or

(b) two safety railings running full length of tank.

Dimensions

241. (1) Minimum diameter, 7/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance, 2 1/2 inches.

Location

242. Running full length of tank, not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above platform or running board.

Manner of Application

243. Safety railings shall be securely fastened to tank or tank bands and secured against end shifting.

Uncoupling Levers

244. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

End Ladder Clearance

245. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake shaft brackets, brake wheel, running boards or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same, above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of buffer block.

TANK CARS WITHOUT UNDERFRAMES

Hand Brakes

Number

246. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Dimensions

247. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

248. Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion. The hand brake shall be located on end of car to the left of centre.

Manner of Application

249. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

End Platforms

Number

250. Two.

Dimensions

251. Minimum width, 10 inches. Minimum thickness, wood platform, 1 3/4 inches. Platforms constructed of metal shall be of open grill anti-skid construction of a design approved by the Association of American Railroads and acceptable to the BCSA.

Location

252. One on each end extending across car a distance equal to or greater than any other portion of car. Outside edge of end platform shall extend not less than seven inches beyond bulge of tank head and safety railing.

Manner of Application

253. End platforms shall be securely fastened to the draft sills and be supported to prevent sagging.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

254. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

End Platform Safety Railing

Number

255. Two.

Dimensions

256. Minimum of 7/8 inch diameter, wrought iron or steel, or one and 1 1/4 inch pipe. Minimum clearance, 2 1/2 inches.

Location

257. One safety railing at each end of car shall extend horizontally across car not less than 36 inches nor more than 54 inches above end platform, and shall extend in a vertical direction down to end platform within three inches of the end of the platform. The safety railing shall be located not more than six inches from the inside edge of the platform.

Manner of Application

258. Safety railings shall be supported at the centre, and be securely attached to end platforms.

Side Railing

Number

259. Two

Dimensions

260. 1 1/4-inch iron or steel pipe. Minimum clearance, 2 1/2 inches.

Location

261. One on each side of car, extending from end platform to end platform at a distance of not less than 51 inches from centre line of car, except that where break in side railing is necessary for side ladder or operating cabinet, the side railing shall be securely attached to such ladder and/or cabinet.

Manner of Application

262. Side railings shall be securely attached to end platforms, and be supported from the car at intervals not exceeding 10 feet.

Horizontal Side Handholds

Number

263. Four.

Dimensions

264. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

265. Horizontal: One over each sill step on face of end platform, projecting downward or outward.

Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 12 inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

266. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Vertical Side Handholds

267. Vertical portion of end platform safety railings shall be considered as side vertical handholds.

End Handholds

Number

268. Fou

Dimensions

269. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Location

270. Horizontal: One near each side of each end of car on face of end sill, projecting downward or outward. Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

271. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

Uncoupling Levers

272. Same as specified for box and other house cars.

36

End Ladder Clearance

273. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft, brake shaft brackets, brake wheel, running boards or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on same, above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the outer face of the buffer block.

Operating Platform

NOTE: An operating platform is not required if all fittings used in the loading or unloading of the tank car are accessible from ground or end platform; but when an operating platform is required, sections 274 to 277 of this schedule apply.

Number

274. One.

Dimensions

275. Minimum width, seven inches. Minimum thickness, wood platform, 1 3/4 inches. Platforms

constructed of metal shall be of open grill anti-skid construction of a design approved by the

Association of American Railroads and acceptable to the BCSA .

Location

276. Operating platform shall be so located that it will provide access to all operating fittings.

Manner of Application

277. The operating platform shall be properly supported to prevent sagging and be securely attached

to the tank.

Operating Platform Safety Railing

NOTE: An operating platform is not required if all fittings used in the loading or unloading of the tank car

are accessible from ground or end platform; but when an operating platform is required,

sections 278 to 281 of this Schedule apply.

Number

278. One.

Dimensions

279. 1 1/4-inch iron or steel pipe.

Location

280. The safety railing shall enclose the operating platform, manway and fittings used in the loading

and unloading of the tank. Railing shall be open only at the ladders where it shall extend in a

vertical direction down to, and be securely attached to the platform. Maximum width of opening,

24 inches.

Manner of Application

281. The safety railing shall be securely attached to four stanchions or corner posts, which shall be

securely attached to the tank or operating platform.

Operating Platform Ladders

NOTE: An operating platform is not required if all fittings used in the loading or unloading of the tank car

are accessible from ground or end platform; but when an operating platform is required,

sections 282 to 285 of this Schedule apply.

Number

282. Two.

Dimensions

283. Ladder stiles, 3/8 inch by two inches or equivalent, wrought iron or steel. 1 1/4-inch extra heavy

pipe will be considered equivalent. Ladder treads, minimum diameter 5/8 inch, wrought iron or

steel. Minimum clear length of treads, 14 inches. Maximum spacing of treads, 19 inches.

Minimum clearance of treads and ladder stiles, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

284. Ladders to be located on sides of car at centre extending downward from operating platform to

a point where the bottom treads shall be not more than 24 inches, preferably not more than 22

inches above top of rail.

Manner of Application

285. The ladders shall be securely fastened to the operating platform. The lower portions of the

ladders shall be braced in such a manner as to prevent any movement.

Manner of Application of Safety Appliances on Tank Cars Covered With Jackets

286. (1) On tanks covered with jackets, metal pads shall be securely attached to the shell proper,

to which brackets shall be fastened for securing the safety appliances attached to the

tanks; or the safety appliances (with the exception of the operating platform brackets)

may be secured to the jackets reinforced with metal pads at the point of attachment,

which pads shall extend at least two inches from the centre line of rivet holes. The

operating platform brackets may be secured to the jacket when reinforced with suitable

bands.

(2) When the safety appliances are attached to the jacket covering of the tank, the jacket

shall be tightened so that there will be no danger of it slipping around.

TANK CARS WITHOUT END SILLS

Hand Brakes

Number

287. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

288. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

289. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located on end of car to the left of centre.

Manner of Application

290. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Brake Step

291. Same as specified in sections 5 and 6 of this Schedule.

Running Boards

Number

292. One.

Dimensions

293. (1) Minimum width on sides, 10 inches.

(2) Minimum width on ends, six inches.

Location

294. Continuous around sides and ends of tank.

Manner of Application

295. (1) If running boards are applied below centre of tank, outside edge of running board shall

extend not less than seven inches beyond bulge of tank.

(2) Running boards at ends of car shall be not less than six inches from a point vertically

above the inside face of knuckle when closed with coupler horn against the buffer block,

end sill or back stop.

(3) Running boards shall be securely fastened to tank or tank bands.

(4) Running boards may be of a material other than wood if

(a) the material and design are accepted by the American Association of Railroads

and approved by the MOTI; and

(b) the construction and installation are in accordance with American Association of

Railroads requirements and acceptable to the MOTI.

Sill Steps

Number

296. Four (if tank has high running boards, making ladders necessary, sill steps must meet ladder

requirements).

Dimensions

297. Same as specified in section 12 of this Schedule.

Location

298. (1) One near each end on each side, flush with outside edge of running board as near end of

car as practicable.

(2) Tread not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of rail.

Manner of Application

299. (1) Steps exceeding 18 inches in depth shall have an additional tread and be laterally

braced.

(2) Sill steps shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside

(when possible) and riveted over, or with 1/2-inch rivets.

Side Handholds

Number 

300. Four or more.

Dimensions

301. Same as specified in section 25 of this Schedule.

Location

302. (1) Horizontal: One near each end on each side of car over sill step, on running board, not

more than two inches back from outside edge of running board, projecting downward or

outward.

(2) Where such side handholds are more than 18 inches from end of car, an additional

handhold must be placed near each end on each side not more than 30 inches above

centre line of coupler.

(3) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 12 inches from end of car.

(4) If safety railings are on tank, four additional vertical handholds shall be applied, one over

each sill step on tank.

Manner of Application

303. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule

End Handholds

Number

304. Four.

Dimensions

305. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

306. End handholds shall be located

(a) where horizontal, one near each side on each end of car on running board, not more than

two inches back from edge of running board projecting downward or outward; or

(b) on end of tank not more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler.

Manner of Application

307. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

Safety Railings

Number

308. One.

Dimensions

309. (1) Minimum diameter 7/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance 2 1/2 inches.

Location

310. Safety railings shall be continuous around sides and ends of car, not less than 30 nor more than

60 inches above running board.

Manner of Application

311. Safety railings shall be securely fastened to tank or tank bands, and secured against end

shifting.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

312. Same as specified in section 36 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

313. Same as specified in section 37 of this Schedule, except that minimum length of uncoupling

lever shall be 42 inches, measured from centre line of end of car to handle of lever.

Location

314. Same as specified in section 38 of this Schedule, except that uncoupling lever shall be not more

than 30 inches above centre line of coupler.

End Ladder Clearance

315. No part of car above buffer block within 30 inches from side of car, except brake shaft, brake

shaft brackets, brake wheel or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a vertical

plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with

coupler horn against the buffer block or back stop, and no other part of end of car or fixtures on

same, above buffer block, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the face of

buffer block.

CABOOSE CARS WITH PLATFORMS

Hand Brakes

Number

316. (1) Each caboose car shall be equipped with an efficient hand brake which shall operate in

harmony with the power brake thereon.

(2) The hand brake may be of any efficient design, but shall provide the same degree of

safety as the design shown on Plate A of Schedule II.

Dimensions

317. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

318. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft on caboose cars with platforms shall be located on platform to the left of

centre.

Manner of Application

319. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Running Boards

Number

320. One longitudinal running board.

Dimensions

321. Same as specified in section 8 of this Schedule.

Location

322. (1) Full length of car, centre of roof (on caboose cars with cupolas, longitudinal running board

shall extend from cupola to ends of roof).

(2) Outside metal roof cars shall have latitudinal extensions leading to ladder locations.

Manner of Application

323. Same as specified in section 10 of this Schedule.

Ladders

Number

324. Two.

Dimensions

325. None specified.

Location

326. One on each end.

Manner of Application

327. Same as specified in section 18 of this Schedule.

Roof Handholds

Number

328. One over each ladder, except that where stiles of ladders extend 12 inches or more above roof,

no other roof handholds are required.

Dimensions

329. Same as specified in section 21 of this Schedule.

Location

330. On roof of caboose, in line with and running parallel to treads of ladder, not less than eight nor

more than 15 inches from edge of roof.

Manner of Application

331. Same as specified in section 23 of this Schedule.

Cupola Handholds

Number

332. One or more.

Dimensions

333. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

334. Handholds on a cupola shall be

(a) one continuous handhold extending around top of cupola not more than three inches from

edge of cupola roof; or

(b) four right-angle handholds, one at each corner, not less than 16 inches in clear length

from point of angle may take the place of the one continuous handhold specified in

paragraph (a) if locations coincide.

Manner of Application

335. Cupola handholds shall be securely fastened with

(a) not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside and riveted over; or

(b) not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Side Handholds

Number

336. Four.

Dimensions

337. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 36 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

338. One near each end on each side of car, curving downward toward centre of car from a point not

less than 30 inches above platform to a point not more than eight inches from bottom of car.

Top end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from outside face of end sheathing.

Manner of Application

339. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule.

End Handholds

Number

340. Four.

Dimensions

341. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

342. (1) Horizontal: One near each side on each end of car on face of platform end sill.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from end of platform

end sill.

Manner of Application

343. Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

End Platform Handholds

Number

344. Four.

Dimensions

345. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

346. One right-angle handhold on each side of each end extending horizontally from door post to

corner of car at approximate height of platform rail, then downward to within 12 inches of bottom

of car.

Manner of Application

347. Handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts, screws, or rivets.

Caboose Platform Steps

348. (1) Safe and suitable open, or box, steps leading to caboose platforms to be provided at

each corner of caboose.

(2) Where open steps are used, the bottom tread of said steps to be provided with a right and

left foot-stop at each end of tread, made of angle iron 3 1/2 inches by 2 1/2 inches by 1/4

inch; the 2 1/2-inch face of angle iron to be bolted to the step.

Uncoupling Levers

349. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

CABOOSE CARS WITH PLATFORMS BUILT NEW OR REBUILT AFTER JANUARY 1, 1967, AND

CABOOSE CARS WITH PLATFORMS IN SERVICE AFTER DECEMBER 31, 1982

Hand Brakes

Number

349.1 (1) Each caboose car shall be equipped with an efficient hand brake which shall operate in

harmony with the power brake thereon.

(2) The hand brake may be of any efficient design, but must provide a total braking force

applied to brake shoes not less than the total force applied to the brake shoes by the

brake cylinders at 50 pounds per square inch.

Dimensions

349.2 (1) The brake wheel may be deep or shallow, of malleable iron, wrought iron, steel, or other

material of equivalent strength.

(2) Overall diameter of brake wheel nominally 22 inches.

(3) Depth of brake wheel hub shall be 2 5/8 inches with square taper shaft fit, taper 2 inches

in 12 inches with small end of taper fit 7/8 inch.

(4) Brake wheel and drum shall be arranged so that both will revolve when applying and

gradually releasing the hand brake. Hand brake shall be provided with means to prevent

application of the brake by winding in a counterclockwise direction.

(5) All chains shall be not less than 9/16-inch BBB coil chain.

(6) All hand brake rods shall be not less than 3/4 inch in diameter.

Location

349.3 (1) The hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated from the end platform

while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft shall be located to the left of and not less than 17 nor more than 22

inches from centre of car and not less than 26 nor more than 40 inches above top of end

platform.

Manner of Application

349.4 (1) There shall be not less than four inches clearance around rim of brake wheel.

(2) Brake wheel shall be held in position on brake shaft by a nut on a threaded extended end

of brake shaft, said threaded portion shall be not less than 3/4 inch in diameter; said nut

shall be secured by riveting over or by the use of a lock-nut or suitable cotter.

(3) Outside edge of brake wheel shall be not less than four inches from a vertical plane

parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when closed with

coupler horn against the buffer block or end sill.

(4) Hand brake housing shall be securely fastened to car.

(5) Brake shaft shall be arranged with a square fit at its outer end to secure the hand brake

wheel; said square fit shall be not less than 7/8 inch square. Square-fit taper: nominally 2

in 12 inches (See Plate A in Schedule II)

Side Handholds

Number

349.5 Four.

Dimensions

349.6 (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Minimum clear length, 36 inches; and

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

349.7 One near each end on each side of car, curving downward toward centre of car from a point not

less than 30 inches above platform to a point not more than eight inches from bottom of car.

Top end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from outside face of end sheathing.

Manner of Application

349.8 Side handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside

(when possible) and riveted over or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

End Handholds

Number

349.9 Four.

Dimensions

349.10 (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches, preferably 24, inches.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), a handhold 14 inches in length may be used where it is

impossible to use one 16 inches in length.

(4) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

349.11 (1) Horizontal: one near each side on each end of car on face of platform end sill.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from end of platform

end sill.

Manner of Application

349.12 Horizontal end handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts

outside (when possible) and riveted over, or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

End Platform Handholds

Number

349.13 Four.

Dimensions

349.14 (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron, steel, or other material of equivalent strength.

(2) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

349.15 One right-angle handhold on each side of each end extending horizontally from door post to

corner of car at approximate height of platform rail, then downward to within 12 inches of bottom

of car.

Manner of Application

349.16 Handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when

possible) and riveted over or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Caboose Platforms Steps

349.17 (1) Safe and suitable open or box steps leading to caboose platforms to be provided at each

corner of caboose.

(2) Where open steps are used, the bottom tread of said steps to be provided with a right and

left foot-stop at each end of tread, made of angle iron 3 1/2 inches by 2 1/2 inches by 1/4

inch; the 2 1/2-inch face of angle iron to be bolted to the step.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

349.18 Two.

Dimensions

349.19 (1) Handles of uncoupling levers except those shown on Plate B of Schedule II or of similar

design, shall be not more than six inches from sides of car.

(2) Uncoupling levers of design shown on Plate B of Schedule II and of similar designs shall

conform to the following prescribed limits:

(a) handles shall be not more than 12 inches, preferably nine inches, from sides of

cars;

(b) centre lift arms shall be not less than seven inches long;

(c) centre of eye at end of centre lift arm shall be not more than 3 1/2 inches beyond

centre of eye of uncoupling pin of coupler when horn of coupler is against the

buffer block or end sill (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(d) ends of handles shall extend not less than four inches below bottom of end sill or

shall be so constructed as to give a minimum clearance of two inches around

handle (See Plate B of Schedule II);

(e) minimum drop of handles shall be 12 inches, maximum, 15 inches over all (See

Plate B of Schedule II);

(f) handles of uncoupling levers of the rocking or push down type shall be not less

than 18 inches from top of rail when lock block has released knuckle, and a

suitable stop shall be provided to prevent inside arm from flying up in case of

breakage.

Location

349.20 One on each end of car. When single lever is used, it shall be placed on left side of end of car.

CABOOSE CARS WITHOUT PLATFORMS

Hand Brakes

Number

350. Same as specified in section 1 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

351. Same as specified in section 2 of this Schedule.

Location

352. (1) Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

(2) The brake shaft on caboose cars without platforms shall be located on end of car to the

left of centre.

Manner of Application

353. Same as specified in section 4 of this Schedule.

Brake Step

354. Same as specified in sections 5 and 6 of this Schedule.

Running Boards

Number

355. Same as specified in section 7 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

356. Same as specified in section 8 of this Schedule.

Location

357. (1) Full length of car, centre of roof (on caboose cars with cupolas, longitudinal running

boards shall extend from cupola to ends of roof).

(2) Outside metal roof cars shall have latitudinal extensions leading to ladder locations.

Manner of Application

358. Same as specified in section 10 of this Schedule.

Footnote 1

Sill Steps

359. Same as specified in sections 11 to 14 of this Schedule.

Side Door Steps

Number

360. Two (if caboose has side doors).

Dimensions

361. (1) Minimum length, five feet.

(2) Minimum width, six inches.

(3) Minimum thickness of tread, 1 1/2 inches.

(4) Minimum height of back stop, three inches.

(5) Maximum height from top of rail to top of tread, 24 inches.

Location

362. One under each side door.

Manner of Application

363. Side door steps shall be supported by two iron brackets having a minimum cross-sectional area

7/8 inch by three inches or equivalent, each of which shall be securely fastened to car by not less

than 2 3/4-inch bolts.

Ladders

Number

364. Four.

Dimensions

365. Same as specified in section 12 of this Schedule.

Location

366. Same as specified in section 13 of this Schedule, except that when caboose has side doors, the

side ladders shall be located not more than eight inches from doors.

Manner of Application

367. Same as specified in section 14 of this Schedule.

End Ladder Clearance

368. No part of car above end sills within 30 inches from side of car, except buffer block, brake shaft,

brake wheel, brake step, running board or uncoupling lever shall extend to within 12 inches of a

vertical plane parallel with end of car and passing through the inside face of knuckle when

closed with coupler horn against the buffer block, or end sill, and no other part of end of car or

fixtures on same above end sills, other than exceptions herein noted, shall extend beyond the

outer face of buffer block.

Roof Handholds

Number

369. Four.

Dimensions

370. Same as specified in section 21 of this Schedule.

Location

371. One over each ladder, on roof in line with and running parallel to treads of ladder, not less than

eight nor more than 15 inches from edge of roof, except that where stiles of ladders extend 12

inches or more above roof, no other roof handholds are required.

Manner of Application

372. Roof handholds shall be securely fastened with:

(a) not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over; or

(b) not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Cupola Handholds

Number

373. One or more.

Dimensions

374. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

375. Cupola handholds shall be

(a) one continuous cupola handhold extending around top of cupola, not more than three

inches from edge of cupola roof; or

(b) four right-angle handholds, one at each corner, not less than 16 inches in clear length

from point of angle, may take the place of the one continuous handhold specified in

paragraph (a), if locations coincide.

Manner of Application

376. Cupola handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside

and riveted over or with not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Side Handholds

Number

377. Four.

Dimensions

378. Same as specified in section 25 of this Schedule.

Location

379. (1) Horizontal: one near each end on each side of car, not less than 24 nor more than 30

inches above centre line of coupler.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than eight inches from end of car.

Manner of Application

380. Same as specified in section 27 of this Schedule.

Side Door Handholds

Number

381. Four; two curved, two straight.

Dimensions

382. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 2 1/2 inches;

Location

383. (1) One curved handhold, from a point at side of each door opposite ladder, not less than 36

inches above bottom of car, curving away from door downward to a point not more than

six inches above bottom of car.

(2) One vertical handhold at ladder side of each door from a point not less than 36 inches

above bottom of car to a point not more than six inches above level of bottom of door.

Manner of Application

384. Side door handholds shall be securely fastened with

(a) not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over; or

(b) not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Horizontal End Handholds

Number

385. Same as specified in section 28 of this Schedule.

Dimensions

386. Same as specified in section 29 of this Schedule.

Location

387. Same as specified in section 30 of this Schedule, except that one additional end handhold shall

be on each end of cars with platform end sills as heretofore described, unless car has door in

centre of end. Said handhold shall be not less than 24 inches in length, located near centre of

car, not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above platform end sill.

Manner of Application

388. (1) Same as specified in section 31 of this Schedule.

(2) Same as specified in section 443(3) of this Schedule.

Vertical End Handholds

389. Same as specified in sections 32, 33, 34 and 35 of this Schedule.

Uncoupling Levers

390. Same as specified in sections 36, 37 and 38 of this Schedule.

Boarding Cars

391. (1) Boarding cars with platforms shall

(a) be provided with a full complement of safety appliances as prescribed for the original

design of car; or

(b) be equipped with safety appliances consistent with those prescribed for caboose cars

with platforms (sections 242 to 275 of this Schedule).

(2) Boarding cars similar in design to house freight cars in which employees are transported shall

be equipped with a full complement of safety appliances as prescribed for box and other

house cars with the following exceptions:

Side Doors

392. All boarding cars, without end platforms, shall have two side doors.

Side Door Steps

Number 

393. Two.

Dimensions

394. Standard side sill step as specified in section 12 of this Schedule.

Location

395. One under each side door.

Manner of Application

396. Same as specified in section 14 of this Schedule.

Roof Handholds

Location

397. One over each ladder, on roof, in line with and running parallel to treads of ladder, not less

than eight inches nor more than 15 inches from edge of roof.

Manner of Application

398. Roof handholds shall be securely fastened with

(a) not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside and riveted over; or

(b) not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

SIDE HANDHOLDS

Location

399. Horizontal: one near each end on each side of car, not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches

above centre line of coupler. Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than eight

inches from end of car.

SIDE DOOR HANDHOLDS

Number

400. Four; two straight on each side of car each side of door.

Dimensions

401. (1) Minimum diameter 5/8 inch wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance two, preferably 2 1/2, inches.

Location

402. One vertical handhold at each side of door from a point not less than 36 inches above bottom of

car to a point not more than six inches above level of bottom of door.

Manner of Application

403. Side door handholds shall be securely fastened with

(a) not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside and riveted over; or

(b) not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

HORIZONTAL END HANDHOLDS

Location

404. Same as specified in section 30 of this Schedule, except that one additional end handhold shall

be on each end of cars with platform end sills as heretofore described, unless car has door in

centre of end. Said handhold shall be not less than 24 inches in length, located near centre of

car, not less than 30 nor more than 60 inches above platform end sill.

VERTICAL END HANDHOLDS

Location

405. Same as specified in section 34 of this Schedule, except where boarding car has door in centre

of end, without platform, there shall be one handhold on each side of door on door post, from a

point not less than 36 inches above bottom of door to a point not more than 15 inches above level

of bottom of door.

Manner of Application

406. Same as specified in section 35 of this Schedule.

END DOORS

407. Boarding cars equipped with end doors must have the words “DANGER, NO PLATFORM”

stencilled on panel inside of end door.

PASSENGER-TRAIN CARS WITH WIDE VESTIBULES

Hand Brakes

Number

408. Each passenger-train car shall be equipped with an efficient hand brake, which shall operate in

harmony with the power brake thereon.

Location

409. Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

Side Handholds

Number

410. Eight.

Dimensions

411. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, metal.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, 11/4, preferably 11/2, inches.

Location

412. Vertical: One on each vestibule door post.

Manner of Application

413. Side handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts, rivets or screws.

End Handholds

Number

414. Four.

Dimensions

415. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance two, preferably 21/2, inches.

(4) Handholds shall be flush with or project not more than one inch beyond vestibule face.

Location

416. (1) Horizontal: One near each side on each end, projecting downward from face of vestibule

end sill.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

417. (1) End handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

(2) When marker sockets or brackets are located so that they cannot be conveniently

reached from platforms, suitable steps and handholds shall be provided for men to reach

such sockets or brackets.

Uncoupling Levers

418. (1) Uncoupling attachments shall be applied so they can be operated by a person standing

on the ground.

(2) Minimum length of ground uncoupling attachment, 42 inches, measured from centre line

of end of car to handle of attachment.

PASSENGER-TRAIN CARS WITH OPEN END PLATFORMS

Hand Brakes

Number

419. Each passenger-train car shall be equipped with an efficient hand brake, which shall operate in

harmony with the power brake thereon.

Location

420. Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

End Handholds

Number

421. Four.

Dimensions

422. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 21/2, inches.

(4) Handholds shall be flush with or project not more than one inch beyond face of end sill.

Location

423. (1) Horizontal: One near each side of each end on face of platform end sill, projecting

downward.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from end of end sill.

Manner of Application

424. End handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

End Platform Handholds

Number

425. Four (Cars equipped with safety gates do not require end platform handholds).

Dimensions

426. Minimum clearance, two, preferably 21/2, inches, metal.

Location

427. (1) Horizontal from or near door post to a point not more than 12 inches from corner of car,

then approximately vertical to a point not more than six inches from top of platform.

(2) Horizontal portion shall be not less than 24 inches in length nor more than 40 inches

above platform.

Manner of Application

428. End platform handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts, rivets or screws.

Uncoupling Levers

429. (1) Uncoupling attachments shall be applied so they can be operated by a person standing

on the ground.

(2) Minimum length of ground uncoupling attachment, 42 inches, measured from centre of

end of car to handle of attachment.

PASSENGER-TRAIN CARS WITHOUT END PLATFORMS

Hand Brakes

Number

430. Each passenger-train car shall be equipped with an efficient hand brake which shall operate in

harmony with the power brake thereon.

Location

431. Each hand brake shall be so located that it can be safely operated while car is in motion.

Sill Steps

Number

432. Four.

Dimensions

433. (1) Minimum length of tread, 10, preferably 12, inches.

(2) Minimum cross-sectional area, 1/2 inch by 11/2 inches or equivalent, wrought iron or

steel.

(3) Minimum clear depth, eight inches.

Location

434. (1) One near end on each side, not more than 24 inches from corner of car to centre of tread

of sill step.

(2) Outside edge of tread of step shall be not more than two inches inside of face of side of

car.

(3) Tread shall be not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of

rail.

Manner of Application

435. (1) Steps exceeding 18 inches in depth shall have an additional tread and be laterally

braced.

(2) Sill steps shall be securely fastened with

54

(a) not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over; or

(b) not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

Side Handholds

Number

436. Four.

Dimensions

437. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16, preferably 24, inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 21/2, inches.

Location

438. One near each end on each side of car over sill step,

(a) horizontal: not less than 24 nor more than 30 inches above centre line of coupler; or

(b) vertical: lower end not less than 18 nor more than 24 inches above centre line of coupler.

Manner of Application

439. Side handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts, rivets or screws.

End Handholds

Number

440. Four.

Dimensions

441. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 16 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 21/2, inches.

Location

442. (1) Horizontal: One near each side on each end, projecting downward from face of end sill or

sheathing.

(2) Clearance of outer end of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of car.

Manner of Application

443. (1) Handholds shall be flush with or project not more than one inch beyond face of end sill.

(2) End handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

(3) When marker sockets or brackets are located so that they cannot be conveniently

reached from platforms, suitable steps and handholds shall be provided for men to reach

such sockets or brackets.

End Handrails (On cars with projecting end sills)

Number

444. Four.

Dimensions

445. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 21/2, inches.

Location

446. One on each side of each end, extending horizontally from door post or vestibule frame to a

point not more than six inches from corner of car, then approximately vertical to a point not more

than six inches from top of platform end sill; horizontal portion shall be not less than 30 nor more

than 60 inches above platform end sill.

Manner of Application

447. End hand rails shall be securely fastened with bolts, rivets or screws.

Side Door Steps

Number

448. One under each door.

Dimensions

449. (1) Minimum length of tread, 10, preferably 12, inches.

(2) Minimum cross-sectional area, 1/2 inch by 11/2 inches or equivalent, wrought iron or

steel.

(3) Minimum clear depth, eight inches.

Location

450. (1) Outside edge of tread of step not more than two inches inside of face of side of car.

(2) Tread not more than 24, preferably not more than 22, inches above the top of rail.

Manner of Application

451. (1) Steps exceeding 18 inches in depth shall have an additional tread and be laterally

braced.

(2) Side door steps shall be securely fastened with

(a) not less than 1/2-inch bolts with nuts outside (when possible) and riveted over; or

(b) not less than 1/2-inch rivets.

(3) A vertical handhold not less than 24 inches in clear length shall be applied above each

side door step on door post.

Uncoupling Levers

452. (1) Uncoupling attachments shall be applied so they can be operated by a person standing

on the ground.

(2) Minimum length of ground uncoupling attachment, 42 inches, measured from centre line

of end of car to handle of attachment.

CARS OF SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION

453. (1) Cars of construction not covered specifically in the foregoing sections, relative to

handholds, sill steps, ladders, hand brakes and running boards may be considered as of

special construction, but shall have as nearly as possible the same complement of

handholds, sill steps, ladders, hand brakes and running boards as are required for cars of

the nearest approximate type.

(2) “RIGHT” or “LEFT” refers to side of person when facing end or side of car from ground.

(3) To provide for the usual inaccuracies of manufacturing and for wear, where sizes of metal

are specified, a total variation of five per cent below size given is permitted.

SAFETY APPLIANCES — LOCOMOTIVE

STEAM LOCOMOTIVES

Tender Sill Steps

Number

454. Four on tender.

Dimensions

455. (1) Bottom tread not less than eight by 12 inches, metal (may have wooden treads).

(2) If stirrup-steps are used, clear length of tread shall be not less than 10, preferably 12,

inches.

Location

456. One near each corner of tender on sides.

Manner of Application

457. Tender sill steps shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

Pilot-Beam Handholds

Number

458. Two.

Dimensions

459. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 14, preferably 16, inches.

(3) Minimum clearance, 21/2 inches.

Location

460. One on each end of buffer beam. (If uncoupling lever extends across front end of locomotive to

within eight inches of end of buffer beam, and is 7/8 inch or more in diameter, securely fastened,

with a clearance of 21/2 inches, it is a handhold).

Manner of Application

461. Pilot-beam handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

Side Handholds

Number

462. Six.

Dimensions

463. (1) Minimum diameter

(a) if horizontal, 5/8 inch;

(b) if vertical, 7/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Horizontal, minimum clear length, 16 inches.

(3) Vertical, clear length equal to approximate height of tank.

(4) Minimum clearance two, preferably 21/2, inches.

Location

464. (1) Side handholds shall be

(a) if vertical, one on each side of tender within six inches of rear or on corner;

(b) if horizontal, same as specified in section 26 of this Schedule.

(2) One on each side of tender near gangway.

(3) One on each side of locomotive at gangway; applied vertically.

Manner of Application

465. Side handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets.

Rear End Handholds

Number

466. Two.

Dimensions

467. (1) Minimum diameter, 5/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clear length, 14 inches.

(3) Minimum clearance two, preferably 21/2, inches.

Location

468. Horizontal: One near each side of rear end of tender on face of end sill. Clearance of outer end

of handhold shall be not more than 16 inches from side of tender.

Manner of Application

469. Rear end handholds shall be securely fastened with not less than 1/2-inch bolts or rivets.

STEAM LOCOMOTIVES USED IN CAPTIVE SERVICE

Sill Steps

Number

470. Two or more.

Dimensions

471. (1) Lower tread of step shall be not less than eight by 12 inches, metal (May have wooden

treads).

(2) If stirrup-steps are used, clear length of tread shall be not less than 10, preferably 12,

inches.

Location

472. One or more on each side at gangway secured to locomotive or tender.

Manner of Application

473. Sill-steps shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

End Handholds

Number

474. Two.

Dimensions

475. (1) Minimum diameter, one inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Minimum clearance, four inches, except at coupler casting or braces, when minimum

clearance shall be two inches.

Location

476. (1) One on pilot buffer beam.

(2) One on rear end of tender, extending across front end of locomotive and rear end of

tender.

(3) Ends of handholds shall be not more than six inches from ends of buffer beam or end sill,

securely fastened at ends.

(4) If the uncoupling levers meet all specified requirements for end handholds, they are

handholds.

Manner of Application

477. End handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

Side Handholds

Number

478. Four.

Dimensions

479. (1) Minimum diameter, 7/8 inch, wrought iron or steel.

(2) Clear length equal to approximate height of tank.

(3) Minimum clearance, two, preferably 21/2, inches.

Location

480. Vertical

(a) one on each side of tender near front corner; and

(b) one on each side of locomotive gangway.

Manner of Application

481. Side handholds shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

Handrails and Steps for Headlights

482. Switching locomotives with sloping tenders with manhole or headlight located on sloping portion

of tender shall be equipped with secure steps and handrail or with platform and handrail leading

to such manhole or headlight.

SPECIFICATIONS COMMON TO ALL STEAM LOCOMOTIVES

Hand Brakes

483. (1) Hand brakes will not be required on locomotives nor on tenders when attached to

locomotives.

(2) If tenders are detached from locomotives and used in special service, they shall be

equipped with efficient hand brakes.

Running Boards

Number

484. Two.

Dimensions

485. Not less than 10 inches wide. If of wood not less than 11/2 inches in thickness; if of metal not

less than 3/16 inch, properly supported. Providing that, in the case of locomotives of such

dimensions, in the diameter of that portion of the boiler between the front of cab and the forward

end of the course adjoining the fire box a 10-inch width cannot be obtained without extending

beyond the side clearance allowance, the width of running-board may be reduced to a minimum

of 51/2 inches widening to 10 inches as the reducing diameter of the boiler permits. Pipes or

other appurtenances must be so located as will provide for not less than the minimum widths of

running board above prescribed.

Location

486. One on each side of boiler, extending from cab to front end near pilot beam. Running boards

may be in sections where necessary to provide for the location of air compressors, water pumps

or heaters, reservoirs, or other appurtenances. (Flat top steam chests may form section of

running board). Where necessary, section shall be placed over the top of the power reverse

gear or similar devices located on or projecting through running boards; all sections to provide

the minimum widths prescribed. Where the difference in elevation between sections is 20 inches

or more, an auxiliary step shall be provided.

Manner of Application

487. (1) Running boards shall be securely fastened with bolts, rivets or studs.

(2) Locomotives having Wootten type boilers with cab located on top of boiler more than 12

inches forward from boiler head shall have suitable running boards running from cab to

rear of locomotive, with hand railing not less than 20 nor more than 48 inches above

outside edge of running boards, securely fastened with bolts, rivets or studs.

Handrails

Number

488. Two or more.

Dimensions

489. Not less than one inch in diameter, wrought iron or steel.

Location

490. One on each side of boiler extending from near cab to near front end of boiler, and extending

across front end of boiler, not less than 24 nor more than 66 inches above running board.

Manner of Application

491. Handrails shall be securely fastened to boiler.

Handrails and Footrests on Outside of Cabs

492. (1) All locomotives of 100,000 pounds or over shall be equipped with handrails on the sides

of the cabs above the windows, near the top of cab, and running the entire length of

same, and to continue across the front of the cab. Where it is not practicable to extend

the railing across the front of the cab, suitable handholds shall be provided; the rails to

have a clearance of two inches between the inner side of the rail and the outside wall of

the cab, and to be supported by columns to make them secure.

(2) Where the running boards do not project beyond the sides of the cab, an additional piece

must be added, to project not less than one inch from the side of cab, and to run full

length of same.

(3) Locomotives of United States railways operated into Canada in international service may,

upon application, be exempted by Order of the Commission from complying with this

section.

Handrails on Tenders

493. (1) All locomotive tenders of the coal-hopper type, equipped with hoppers 24 inches and

over, shall have a handrail on both sides of the coal hopper, to run the full length of the

same and across the back end, the same to have a clearance of not less than two inches

between the inner side of the rail and the outside wall of the fuel well, and to be located

near the top, but not to project above. Hoppers less than 24 inches high shall be

equipped with a railing on both sides and across the back, on the top of the hopper, to

measure eight inches over all from top of hopper, back walls sloping towards the front of

hoppers excepted.

(2) When necessary to renew equipment now in service, and for all future construction, coal

hoppers shall be designed so as to provide a sidewalk the full length of the hopper, with a

minimum width of eight inches.

(3) All locomotive tenders of the open-top type shall be equipped with a railing on both sides,

on top of the coping, to measure eight inches over all from top of coping, the same rails to

run the full length of the fuel storage well, or clear of the back coal wall, on the tender.

(4) On the spaces back of the coal wall, where the water man hole is located, a railing shall

be provided projecting eight inches above the top of the tank and running around both

sides and back of the tank, except that the coping will be accepted as a railing where

tenders of engines are equipped with a coping eight inches high on the space back of the

coal wall.

(5) The railings provided in subsections (3) and (4) shall not be less than one inch in

diameter supported by columns if made of round iron.

(6) The top of the tender behind the fuel space and the running boards on the coal-hopper

type shall be kept clean; suitable covers shall be provided for the filling holes; and, where

a coping is in use behind the fuel space, means shall be provided to carry off waste

water.

TENDERS OF VANDERBILT TYPE

494. (1) Tenders known as the Vanderbilt type shall be equipped with running boards; one on

each side of tender not less than 10 inches in width and one on top of tender not less

than 48 inches in width, extending from coal space to rear of tender.

(2) There shall be a handrail on each side of top running board, extending from coal space to

rear of tank, not less than one inch in diameter and not less than 20 inches in height

above running board from coal space to manhole.

(3) There shall be a handrail extending from coal space to within 12 inches of rear of tank,

attached to each side of tank above side running board, not less than 30 nor more than

66 inches above running board.

(4) There shall be one vertical end handhold on each side of Vanderbilt type of tender,

located within eight inches of rear of tank extending from within eight inches of top of end

sill to within eight inches of side handrail. Post supporting rear end of side running board,

if not more than two inches in diameter and properly located, may form section of

handhold.

(5) An additional horizontal end handhold shall be applied on rear end of all Vanderbilt type

of tenders that are not equipped with vestibules. Handhold to be located not less than 30

nor more than 66 inches above top of end sill. Clear length of handhold to be not less

than 48 inches.

(6) Ladders shall be applied at forward ends of side running boards.

(7) On tenders of the Vanderbilt type, with three filling holes, there shall be a hand rail four

inches above the level of the top running board not less than one inch in diameter,

extending from the present hand rail, which extends from the coal space to within 20

inches of the first filling hole, to the rear end of the tender at each side of the top running

board.

End Ladder Clearance

495. No part of locomotive or tender except draft-rigging, coupler and attachments, safety chains,

buffer block, foot board, brake pipe, signal pipe, steam-heat pipe or arms of uncoupling lever

shall extend to within 14 inches of a vertical plane passing through the inside face of knuckle

when closed with horn of coupler against buffer block or end sill.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

496. Two double levers, operative from either side.

Dimensions

497. Rear end levers shall extend across end of tender with handles not more than 12, preferably

nine, inches from side of tender with a guard bent on handle to give not less than two inches

clearance around handle.

Location

498. (1) One on rear end of tender and one on front end of locomotive.

(2) Handles of front end levers shall be not more than 12, preferably nine, inches from ends

of buffer beam, and shall be so constructed as to give a minimum clearance of two inches

around handle.

Manner of Application

499. Uncoupling levers shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

Couplers

500. Locomotives shall be equipped with automatic couplers at rear of tender and front of locomotive.

Handrails and Steps for Headlights

501. (1) Locomotives having headlights which cannot be safely and conveniently reached from

pilot beam or steam chests shall be equipped with secure handrails and steps suitable for

the use of men in getting to and from such headlights and headlight equipment.

(2) A suitable metal end or side ladder shall be applied to all tanks more than 48 inches in

height, measured from the top of end sill, and securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

SAFETY APPLIANCES

ALL LOCOMOTIVE TYPES

Pilots

502. Locomotives in Road Service (normal road operation) shall be equipped with a pilot that

(a) is located at the front;

(b) has a minimum height above the rail of not less than three inches and a maximum of not

more than six inches;

(c) is securely attached and adequately braced; and

(d) is maintained in a safe and suitable condition for service.

Pilot Steps

Number

503. Two.

Location

504. One at right and left side of each pilot.

Dimensions

505. Pilot steps shall be of sufficient width and depth for a man to stand on.

Manner of Application

506. Pilot step shall be securely fastened with bolts or rivets.

507. Locomotives of a design capable of normal operation in either direction, such as Diesel electric

or electric units, or any type of locomotive regularly assigned to such road service as to

necessitate the running of tender first shall be equipped at the front and rear with a pilot or

combination pilot and footboards, except that in the case of Diesel “A” and “B” units application

is required only on the front end of “A” units.

Footboards

508. (1) Locomotives in yard switching and transfer service shall be equipped with footboards at

the front and rear.

(2) The height from the top of rail to top of tread shall be not more than 12 inches, nor less

than nine inches.

(3) On locomotives in yard switching service,

(a) footboards may be constructed in two sections if the majority of horizontal space on

each side of the coupler is protected by the footboards;

(b) footboards shall be securely fastened to two one-inch by four-inch metal brackets,

if footboard is not cut or notched at any point;

(c) if footboard is cut or notched or in two sections not less than four one-inch by

three-inch metal brackets shall be used, two located on each side of coupler;

(d) each bracket shall be secured to the buffer-beam, end-sill, frame or plate forming

the end structure of the locomotive or tender by not less than two 7/8-inch bolts.

(4) Metal of serrated anti-skid design, constructed with sufficient open area to prevent accumulation of snow and ice on the tread surface shall be used.

(5) If wood, preferably two inches thick but not less than 1 1/2 inches in thickness, is used, the footboard shall not be cut or notched at any point, outer corners may be radiused or slightly beveled.

(6) The footboards shall be

(a) of sufficient width to provide adequate foot space, notwithstanding projecting grab irons or other devices; and

(b) not less than 10 inches wide and three feet in length.

(7) Footboards shall be located at front and rear, extending not less than 18 inches outside gauge of straight track.

(8) Foot stops, not less than four inches in height, shall be applied above the tread, at the back and each inner end.

NOTE: It is preferable that any openings between the footboards and underside of buffer beam or frame be covered for the protection of employees.

Combination Pilot and Footboards

509. (1) Locomotives operating in road and yard switching services shall be equipped at the front and rear with combination pilots and footboards.

(2) Footboards shall be metal, serrated anti-skid design, constructed with sufficient open area to prevent accumulation of snow and ice on the tread surface.

(3) The combination pilot, footboards and associated supports shall be of adequate strength and of an appropriate design acceptable to the BCSA for the requirements of road service, maintained in a safe and satisfactory operating condition.

Couplers

510. All locomotives shall be equipped with automatic couplers at front and rear.

Uncoupling Levers

Number

511. Two double levers operative from both sides.

Location

512. One on front and one on rear of each locomotive.

513. Uncoupling lever handles shall be not more than 12, preferably nine, inches from side of unit and shall be so constructed as to give a minimum clearance of two inches around handle.

LOCOMOTIVES OF SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION

514. Locomotive units of untried type or locomotives not covered specifically in the foregoing sections, relative to sill steps, hand holds, ladders, running boards, and other safety appliances may be considered as being of special construction. All such units shall be equipped as near as possible with a full complement of suitable safety appliances as required for locomotives of approximately the same type.