How to conduct a home electrical safety check
Electrical hazards such as a downed power line or exposed wires are obvious risks. But smaller electric risks can exist in our homes, posing an unknown hazard. To help prevent injury and damage, check our simple electrical safety check that you can perform in your home.
Note: This electrical safety check is not intended to replace a complete electrical assessment of your electrical system. This should only be performed by a licenced electrical contractor. Find one in BC here.
Plugs and Extension Cords
- No extension cords are being used as a permanent wiring method -- they are safe for temporary use only.
- All extension cords are in good repair with no damage to cords, and the ground pin is in place. Only extension cords with polarized or three-prong plugs are being used
- Indoor and outdoor lighting is appropriate for its location. (Green labels mean the product is suitable for outdoor use, red labels mean the lights are for indoor use only.)
- No cords are being run through doorways or windows, where they may become pinched.
- No extension codes are placed under rugs. (When a cord is covered, heat is not able to escape, which may result in a fire hazard.)
- Extension cords are not being overloaded or left laying in water or snow.
- Multi-outlet adaptor connections (like power bars) are not plugged into one another to increase length, or to provide more outlets than the circuit can supply.
- All cords being used can handle the amperage indicated on your electrical devices.
- Multi-outlet adaptor connections are not overloaded and only have plugs connected that are being used.
- All electrical enclosures, switches, and outlets have covers or faceplates.
- Light fixtures are firmly installed to walls and ceiling. (Replacing a light fixture? Read our quick article about when a permit is needed).
- Light bulbs are the correct type and wattage for your fixture. (You may want to consider switching to energy efficient LED lights – they produce less heat, which reduces the risk of fire.)
- All table and floor lamps are sitting on level surfaces and away from flammable material such as bedding, pillows or curtains.
- No appliances have frayed or damaged cords (if they do, the appliance should be replaced).
- Kitchen and bathroom appliances (toasters, blenders, blow dryers, laptop chargers, etc.) are unplugged when not in use.
- Portable space heaters are not connected with an extension cord, placed near flammable materials, or used in a bathroom.
- There are no flammable materials such as paper towels, napkins and kitchen rags kept near heat-producing kitchen appliances such as stoves or toasters.
- All kitchen appliances have appropriate approval markings, such as CSA, ULC, ETL. (Check our information bulletin for the acceptable approval markings).
Extra tips for parents
- All outlets within children's reach have outlet plug covers to prevent electric shock. (Consider having tamper-resistant electrical outlets installed. These spring-loaded receptacle cover plates prevent the insertion of objects when unequal pressure is applied to the receptacle’s contact points.)
- All extension cords are out of reach of children. (Electrical shock or burns could occur if chewed on or handled improperly.)
Sometimes a simple change or a quick and inexpensive fix can prevent an injury or damage to your home.
Anything important that we’ve missed? Comment below what you would add to your electrical safety check when making sure your home is safe!